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葡萄藤造型、盒中盒结构……,等等!这座综合交通枢纽中心信息量有点大!第1张图片

可持续发展建筑—LUBLIN综合交通枢纽中心 | TREMEND建筑工作室
SUSTAINABILITY AS A GOAL. LUBLIN INTEGRATED TRANSPORTATION CENTER BY TREMEND STUDIO

由专筑网韩慧慧,小R编译

在全国各地,非工作时间车站人员流动量增加,车站压力剧增。因此,Tremend建筑工作室在波兰城市中心建设了一个交通枢纽中心来缓解人流压力,该项目名为卢布林(Lublin)综合交通枢纽中心,离中央火车站非常近,火车站是19世纪建设的历史建筑,具体位置为Warsaw东南170 km处的Vistula河东部。

该综合交通中心项目较为复杂,分为几个阶段进行建设。交通枢纽中心涉及到该城市乃至全国的交通运输情况,因此,地区政府将该项目与其周边的基础设施一同建设。该项目也被列为该国的可持续发展交通设施。

Coinciding with this time in which stations of all kinds become hives of pedestrians rushing to their destinations on rest days, the architecture studio Tremend Studio presents the construction of the new Lublin Integrated Communications Center, in the central part of the city, very close to the historic 19th-century building of the central train station of this Polish city, the largest east of the Vistula River located about 170 km southeast of Warsaw.
The project belongs to a complex program developed in several phases for the Integrated Transportation Center that is being built in the region's capital. Together with the adjacent infrastructure that accompanies it, the project is a transportation hub that serves as a connection between urban, regional, and national transportation. The project has been developed as the most ecological transportation facility that the country will have.

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Tremend建筑工作室设计的新Lublin交通枢纽中心不仅考虑了各种车型的交通运输流线,在建筑形式上也借鉴了该地的历史建筑风貌,使得该交通中心与城市肌理相协调。

该项目还包含了一个大型展馆,简约现代风格。与之不远的中央火车站是折中主义风格,两者之间有着明显对比。又因两者之间使用的建筑语言各不相同,所以并不冲突。

该项目建筑形式设计得较为突出部位是站台雨棚和穿孔柱,穿孔柱是钢结构。站台雨棚不仅有遮风避雨功能,还有装饰功能,其有机、线性形状很容易让人们联想到Lublin的标志之一葡萄藤。该项目在结构和形式上采用钢结构和大面积玻璃,让建筑整体形态变得更加轻盈。

The new Lublin  Integrated Communications Center designed by the architectural firm Tremend Studio is a station that not only proposes optimal and functional forms for heavy vehicle traffic but also fits into the historical, architectural, and urban context of the place.
The project consists of a large simple and modern pavilion, which contrasts with the eclectic and historical form of the Central Train Station, but at the same time does not rival it due to its visibly different architectural language.
The architectural expression is given by the characteristic perforated pillars, which are elements of the steel structure of the station, and the platform canopies, which also perform a decorative function. Its linear, almost organic shapes are reminiscent of vines, one of the symbols of Lublin, and give the impression of lightness to the entire structure. Materials such as glass and stainless steel were used in the project.

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紧邻新建建筑旁还建设有站台,可用于公共车辆的停靠。该项目还建设了地下停车场、出租车停靠站台、非机动停放场地以及电动汽车充电桩。该枢纽中心还包含一个开放的生态屋顶,可作为现代化城市广场或城市生态空间的延伸。

Tremend建筑工作室在设计该项目时,首要目标是希望建筑使用过程中尽可能地减少碳足迹,所以设计了一系列的建筑环保措施,例如建筑玻璃外墙使用“盒中盒”技术来降低建筑能耗。设计完成后,该项目符合最高的建筑可持续性标准,并被称为该市同类型项目中最环保的建筑。

Next to the new building, platforms have also been built with stops for the transport of urban and regional vehicles, underground parking for cars, parking for taxis, and bicycles, and chargers for electric vehicles. The project includes a green roof open to users, which means a modernization of the city square with surrounding green spaces.
For the architects of the Tremend studio, minimizing the carbon footprint was a priority, which is why the Lublin Metropolitan station was designed as one of the most environmentally friendly of its kind in Poland. The project meets the highest sustainability standards. It also features a series of pro-green solutions, such as “box-in-box” technology with glass façade walls that reduce energy consumption.

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该项目中使用的材料有木材、石材、混凝土和不锈钢等,大部分属于天然材料。场地内新建建筑与周边建筑高度保持一致,在设计中还考虑了车站内部的通讯系统位置,确保车站内信号通畅。

车站的设计形式为一个大型玻璃温室内包含两个小空间,车站内的主要门厅与其它功能通过通道分隔开来。这种“盒中盒”的设计理念将会大幅度降低建筑维护成本和防噪音建设成本。

该项目中,公交站台候车亭是一个大屋顶结构,屋面是玻璃材质,支撑体是承插式立柱,污、雨水排水立管安装在柱内,屋面上的光伏电池嵌在玻璃面板内,和玻璃面板一起组成候车亭的屋盖,这种做法不仅可以遮挡阳光,还可以为车站充能,一举两得。

The design uses natural colors and materials, e.g. wood, stone, concrete, and stainless steel. The height of the building is adapted to the surrounding buildings, and the designed and existing internal communication system takes into account the general location context.
The shape of the station will be divided into two cubicles surrounded by a glass conservatory, and all rooms will be separated from the main hall. The “building within a building” concept will significantly reduce maintenance costs and reduce noise.
The structure of bus platform shelters in a complementary way refers to the roofing of the station building, e.g. through socket columns (in which the risers of the rainwater drainage system will be hidden). Photovoltaic cells have been embedded in the glass panels forming the roof covering of the sheds, which have a double function – shading against the sun’s rays and providing energy to the station service.

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项目信息:
建筑设计:Tremend建筑工作室
业主:Lublin市政厅
日期:设计—2016年. 建设—2021-2023年.
位置:波兰,卢布林
摄影:Bartek Barczyk.

MORE INFORMATION
Architects: Tremend Studio.
Client: Lublin City Hall.
Dates: Design.- 2016.
Realization.- 2021-2023.
Location: Lublin, Poland.
Photography: Bartek Barczyk.

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