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一座镂空红砖建筑背后的神圣……第1张图片

Lutheran教堂
Lutheran Mortuary Chapel / TEKTUM

由专筑网小R编译

该项目位于Házsongárd的Lutheran区域,这是一座建造于16世纪的历史墓地,毗邻Cluj的城市中心,教堂官方将这座小建筑定义为独立的太平间教堂,同时也成为非营利组织Házsongárdi Association的办公场所,该组织的任务是保护墓地建筑遗产。

Text description provided by the architects. Situated in the Lutheran part of Házsongárd, a historical cemetery established in the 16th Century, close to the medieval city center of Cluj, the small building has been commissioned by the church to function as its own mortuary chapel and to host the offices for the Házsongárdi Association, a small NGO focusing on the preservation of the cemetery’s-built heritage.

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因为这座19世纪末期的建筑占据了部分场地,年久失修,无法满足更多功能需求,因此需要进行改造,根据区域官方要求,其古典主义立面风格需要保留,同时靠近墓地,需要增加一个室外聚集空间,让建筑区域能够沿着场地边界局部延伸。

Since the late 19th Century building partly occupying the site, fallen in a state of disrepair, could not accommodate a broader range of functions, the decision was taken to have it partially replaced. While the classicist façade had to be preserved, at the request of the Zonal Monuments Commission, the proximity of the tombs, paired with the need for creating an outdoor gathering space, allowed for the built area to be extended with no more than an irregular stretch along the property boundary.

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依据场地形态,建筑拥有了简约的形体,就如同一个经过切割的石头,这也是19世纪纪念性坟墓的原型,教堂的钟塔在原有的山墙上展开,屋面朝向另一端倾斜,这给通向地下室的通道留出了空间。

Thus, as site constraints shaped the simple volume, the building emerges as a stone cleaved by cutting planes, an archetypal image of the 19th century monumental tomb. With the belfry unfolding over the original gabled wall, the roof dramatically descends towards the opposite end, leaving just enough room for the access staircase to the basement columbarium.

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深灰色云母片岩立面与周围墓碑的黑色大理石平行,在其后方哑光红砖包裹着墙体和屋面,立面的肌理和入口开口的橡木以及主入口悬臂的钢材相互融合,强调了建筑的纪念感,同时也和内部的裸露混凝土形成鲜明对比,简约细腻的建筑结构,屋面保温和屋檐技术策略,这些都是项目的挑战难点所在。

Behind the dark grey mica-schist painted façade, which parallels the shimmering black marble of the surrounding tombstones, matte red brick envelops both walls and roofing. The uniform texture of facades, sparsely intertwined with the oak of the entrance openings and the cor-ten of the main entrance cantilever, provides color and texture, reinforcing the building’s monumentality, while at the same time contrasting with the sober, exposed concrete casing inside. It was exactly this honesty of the structure, the simplicity of the details, combined with the issues raised by the insulation of the roof and the technical solution for the eaves, that proved to be the most challenging during construction.   

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前侧露台的花岗岩鹅卵石延伸于餐厅之中,当巨型钢制滑动门打开时,室内外的边界变得模糊,仪式空间也因此扩大,可移动的定制灵柩台在空间中的流线不受限制,平面布局的朝向让阳光能够穿越塔楼的上部玻璃,使得自然光线弥漫在整个空间中。

As the granite cobblestones of the front patio extend in the refectory, the interior-exterior boundary becomes more effaced when the massive hand-operated steel door slides open, expanding the ceremonial space. A mobile, custom designed catafalque permits an unrestricted flow of movement. The east-west orientation of the plan makes it possible for the light to penetrate through the upper glazing of the tower, allowing the sunbeams to fall once more on the coffin during funeral mass.

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平面布局强调了功能上的变化,蜿蜒的楼梯通向位于二层的办公空间,镂空红砖立面遮挡了周围的视野,在建筑较为狭窄的一侧,通向骨灰安置区的混凝土台阶覆盖着屋面的悬臂式褶皱,混凝土结构裸露在外。

The inflection of the plan underlines the change in function: a winding staircase leads to the office spaces on the second floor, where the imposing presence of the surroundings is discretely filtered through the red brick lattice. At the narrowest end of the building, the concrete steps leading to the columbarium are covered by the cantilevered fold of the roof, exposing its concrete structure.

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建筑设计:TEKTUM
类型:教堂
面积:317 m²
时间:2023年
摄影:Alexandru Fleșeriu
制造商:Wienerberger, ABC Klinkergruppe, DEPPE
合作方:Weberbau, Tibor Weber - Weberbau
建筑项目负责人:Gábor Tóthfalusi
建筑师:István Szőcs
结构工程:Dorottya Makay, József Hari
安装工程:Marian Aurelian
Klinker立面:András Kocsis
Corten立面:István Török
室内木质面板:József Hajos
建筑功能:教堂
城市:Cluj-Napoca
国家:罗马尼亚

CHAPEL
CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA
Architects: TEKTUM
Area: 317 m²
Year: 2023
Photographs:Alexandru Fleșeriu
Manufacturers:  Wienerberger, ABC Klinkergruppe, DEPPE
Contractor: Weberbau, Tibor Weber - Weberbau
Architect Project Leader: Gábor Tóthfalusi
Architect: István Szőcs
Structural Engineer: Dorottya Makay, József Hari
Installation Engineer: Marian Aurelian
Klinker Facade: András Kocsis
Corten Facade: István Török
Interior Wood Panel: József Hajos
Program / Use / Building Function: Mortuary Chapel
City: Cluj-Napoca
Country: Romania

        
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